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Verstility Diode Laser

ABSTRACT

- Purpose: During the last few years, the use of laser techniques has dominated the dentistry world as an alternative to different traditional methods or in combination with these. Diode laser is the most frequently used in dentistry due to its reliability, versatility and convenience, together with its handiness and simple setting-up. The aim of this paper is to review the use of diode laser (810 nm) in pediatric dentistry.

- Methods: We illustrate, according to the recent literature review, the clinical approach in deciduous teeth endodontics (like pulpotomy and root canal therapy) and in soft tissues surgery with description of techniques used in labial and lingual fraenectomy, operculectomy for tooth retention and hypertrophic lesions removal.

- Results: 810 nm diode laser has been used in all these different therapies at 0,8 to 3W power either in continuous or pulsed mode. Diode laser has one of the most versatile ranges of wavelengths available due to the number of different therapies that can be performed in several tissues.

 

CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE
Diode laser has shown to be able to supply an exhaustive therapeutic efficacy in the different clinical situations in which it has been employed, together with a precise and fast performance, speeding restorative tissue processes, reducing pain and postoperative edema.

 

INTRODUCTION
The use of laser as a dentistry tool on a daily basis is becoming a more and more popular practice, in any of the domains that characterize this field.
The Diode Laser can be used for a multitude of dental procedures which are predominantly soft tissue surgery, periodontal pocket therapy, peri-implantitis, but can also be used in endodontics for root canal disinfection, and in laser-assisted tooth whitening[1, 2].

During the last few years, the use of laser techniques has dominated the operative dentistry world as an alternative to different traditional methods or in combination with these[3, 4].

In the dentistry field, different kinds of lasers with different wavelengths are used: carbon dioxide laser (CO2), erbium Yag laser (Er:Yag), erbium chrome YSGG (Er-Cr:YSGG), neodymium Yag (Nd: Yag), Argon and KPT laser and diode laser (Ga-As-A1) (4). The latter is the most frequently used in dentistry due to its reliability, versatility and convenience, together with its handiness and simple setting-up. These characteristics make it a useful and complete device and, in some domains, it has shown to be a positive alternative to conventional dentistry therapies.

The field in which its potential is better expressed is predominantly that of soft tissue surgery, but it is also useful and advantageous in endodontics, periodontology and esthetic dentistry [4].

The aim of this paper is to show the use of diode laser (810 nm) in pediatric dentistry...